Boswellia serrata (Salai Guggul)
Boswellia serrata is a plant that produces Indian frankincense. It is also known as Indian oli-banum, Salai guggul, and Sallaki in Sanskrit. Studies have shown this herb to have the following actions:-
Anti-inflammatory and analgesic: β-boswellic acid in Salai guggul helps to reduce joints pain and inflammation by blocking 5-lipoxygenase enzyme that produces leukotriene’s -an enzyme responsible for inflammation.
Chondroprotective: Salai guggul prevents TNFα-induced expression of matrix metalloproteinases, enhances chondrocytes proliferation and increases glycosaminoglycans levels and protects joint cartilage.
Immunomodulator: Boswellia serrata controls chronic inflammation and tissue damage by modulating immune response and inhibiting pro-inflammatory cytokines like interleukin-1 β (IL-1 β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ).