Pittapapda (Fumaria parviflora)
Pittapapada or Fumitory is an annual herb found as a common weed all over the plains of India. It is an annual, much branched, diffusely spreading herb with watery latex.The whole plant is widely used in traditional and folkloric systems of medicine.
In traditional systems of medicine, the plant is reputed for its anthelmintic, diuretic, diaphoretic, laxative, cholagogue, stomachic, sedative, hepatoprotective, antidiabetic, anti inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic, prokinetic, laxative, dermatological, antimicrobial, antiparasitic, reproductive, anticholinesterase and smooth muscle relaxant effects.These properties helps to manage diseases like dyspepsia and scrofulous skin infection, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, jaundice, leprosy and syphilis. The plant is also used to purify blood in cutaneous disease and liver obstruction.
Studies have shown this herb to have the following actions:
Hepatoprotective : Pittapapada ameliorate the toxic effects of hepatotoxic agents, impart beneficial effects on liver function and mitigate hyperlipidemia and metabolic syndrome.